Ubiquitous Learning: An Ontology

By Arkalgud Ramaprasad.

Published by Ubiquitous Learning: An International Journal

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This paper presents an ontology of ubiquitous learning based on three dimensions of ubiquity: temporal, semiotic, and spatial ubiquity, and two dimensions of learning: entities and technologies. A simple taxonomy is used to denote each dimension. Thus the ontology has five dimensions with multiple categories denoting each dimension. A natural language description of ubiquitous learning can be concatenated by combining a category from each dimension with suitable conjunctive words and phrases. Four illustrative descriptions are as follows:
• Ad hoc knowledge acquisition at fixed locations by individuals using passive technologies.
• Continuous knowledge application at mobile locations by societies using intelligent technologies.
• On-demand knowledge acquisition at variable locations by organizations using interactive technologies.
• Planned knowledge application at mobile locations by groups using active technologies.
These four with 380 other combinations derived from the ontology represent a closed, complete description of ubiquitous learning. The ontology can be refined, modified, and extended by changing its dimensions and taxonomies. The ontology provides a simple method of systematically representing and analyzing the complexity of ubiquitous learning comprehensively.

Keywords: Ontology, Complexity, Ubiquitous Learning, Ontological Analysis, Evidence Based Medicine

Ubiquitous Learning: An International Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.57-66. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.753MB).

Dr. Arkalgud Ramaprasad

Professor, Information and Decision Sciences, College of Business Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

Dr. Arkalgud Ramaprasad is the Associate Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) and a Professor in the Department of Information and Decision Sciences (IDS) in the College of Business Administration. From 2000-2006 he was the Head of IDS at UIC and the Director of the Center for Research in Information Management (CRIM) there. Earlier, from 1989-2000, he was the founding Director of the Pontikes Center for Management of Information. His research topics include enterprise eHealth strategy, digital divide in eHealth applications, managing medical knowledge using the internet, patient-physician relationship in the information age, knowledge supply networks, and knowledge management. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 1980; MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India, 1972; and B.E. (Electrical), from the University of Mysore, Karnataka, India, 1970.